This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of triiodothyronine replacement on the early postoperative course of neonates undergoing aortic arch reconstruction.
We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of triiodothyronine supplementation in neonates undergoing either a Norwood procedure or two-ventricle repair of interrupted aortic arch and ventricular septal defect.
Patients were assigned to receive a continuous infusion of triiodothyronine (0.05 micro/kg/h) or placebo for 72 hours after cardiopulmonary bypass.
Primary end points were a composite clinical outcome score and cardiac index at 48 postoperative hours.
We enrolled 42 patients (triiodothyronine n = 22, placebo n = 20). Baseline characteristics were similar in the treatment groups.
Study drug was discontinued prematurely because of hypertension (n = 1) and ectopic atrial tachycardia (n = 1), both cases in the triiodothyronine group.
Free and total triiodothyronine levels were higher in the triiodothyronine group than in the placebo group at 24, 48, and 72 postoperative hours (P < .001). The median clinical outcome scores were 2.0 (range 0-4) with triiodothyronine and 2.0 (range 0-7) with placebo (P = .046). Compared with those in the placebo group, neonates assigned to triiodothyronine had shorter median time to negative fluid balance (2.0 vs 2.5 days, P = .027). Cardiac index values were 2.11 +/- 0.64 L/min x m2 with triiodothyronine and 2.05 +/- 0.72 L/min x m2 with placebo (P = .81). Heart rate and diastolic blood pressure were not influenced by triiodothyronine supplementation, but systolic blood pressure was higher in the triiodothyronine group (P < .001). No serious adverse events were attributed to triiodothyronine administration.
Triiodothyronine supplementation was safe and resulted in more rapid achievement of negative fluid balance after aortic arch reconstruction.
Cardiac index at 48 hours was not significantly improved.
The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Mass, USA. andrew.mackie [at] muhc.mcgill.ca
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Sep;130(3):810-6
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