We induced transient ischemia in C57BL/6 mice by elevating the intraocular pressure to the equivalent of 120 mmHg for 60 min, then injected these eyes with one of the following: PBS, full-length native PEDF, N-terminal peptides-PEDF(136-155) and PEDF(82-121), blank PLGA nanospheres or PLGA loaded with PEDF(82-121) (PLGA-PEDF(82-121)). Morphometric analysis and TUNEL assays were used to determine the extent of retinal damage.
Transient ischemia caused a rapid reduction in the number of viable cells in the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) layer over 48h as compared to non-ischemic retinas.
About 76% surviving cells in the RGC layer were observed in the full-length PEDF protein treated group, whereas only 32% of cells survived in the PBS group. Thus, PEDF prevented approximately 44% of the cell death in the RGC layer resulting from transient ischemia. PEDF(82-121) peptide was as effective as full-length PEDF when injected as either a free peptide or delivered in PLGA nanospheres. PLGA-PEDF(82-121) showed longer-term protection of the RGC layer with no noticeable side effects at 7days. PEDF and PEDF(82-121) lessened damage to the IPL as measured by layer thickness. PEDF and PEDF(82-121) also delayed retinal responses to ischemic injury as measured by GFAP immunolabeling in Müller cells. PEDF(82-121) is an effective neuroprotective peptide in retinal ischemia. PLGA-PEDF(82-121) offers greater protection to the retina suggesting that this peptide and the method of delivering therapeutically active drugs have potential clinical advantages for longer-term treatments of retinal diseases.
- DOI - Experimental Eye Research (DOI)
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JournalExperimental eye research
Exp Eye Res (0014-4835)
Experimental Eye Research
Department of Ophthalmology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
Exp Eye Res. 2006 Oct;83(4):824-33
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