Over two-thirds of patients with endometrioid uterine cancer in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results program from 1988 to 2001 did not undergo a lymphadenectomy.
These patients were compared to those who had a lymphadenectomy.
Kaplan-Meier methods and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were employed.
Of 39,396 women (median age: 65 years) with endometrioid uterine cancers, 12,333 (31.3%) underwent surgical staging procedures including lymphadenectomy.
The remainder did not receive a lymphadenectomy.
The 5-year disease-specific survival (DSS) of stages I-IV women who underwent lymphadenectomy were 95.5%, 90.4%, 73.8%, and 53.3% compared to 96.6%, 82.2%, 63.1%, and 26.9% in those without lymphadenectomy (p>0.05 for stage I; p<0.001 for stages II-IV). In stage I patients, those who did not receive lymphadenectomy had a higher proportion of tumors with grade 1 histology and/or disease limited to the endometrium compared to those who underwent lymphadenectomy (54.8 % vs. 34.7%; p<0.001, grade 1 disease; 26.6% vs. 15.9%; p<0.001, no myometrial invasion). In patients with stage I grade 3 disease, those who underwent lymphadenectomy had a better 5-year DSS than those without lymphadenectomy (90% vs. 85%; p=0.0001); however, no benefit for lymphadenectomy was seen for patients with stage I grade 1 (p=0.26) and grade 2 (p=0.14) disease.
On multivariable analysis, younger age, Caucasian race, early-stage disease, low grade histology, and lymphadenectomy were independent prognostic factors for improved disease-specific survival.
Our data suggest that lymphadenectomy is associated with an improved survival in stage I grade 3 and more advanced endometrioid uterine cancers.
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. chanjohn [at] obgyn.ucsf.edu
Gynecol Oncol. 2007 Aug;106(2):282-8
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