Little data exist to support the durability of thoracic endovascular repair during prolonged periods of follow-up. This study examines the durability and long-term results with the Zenith TX1 and TX2 thoracic devices (Cook Inc, Bloomington, Ind) in high-risk patients.
Data were collected prospectively from 2001 to 2007 on high-risk patients who presented with thoracic aneurysms, chronic aortic dissection, or fistulas treated with a Zenith thoracic device.
Surgical modifications of proximal or distal landing zones were performed when necessary.
Computed tomography follow-up scans were performed before discharge, at 1, 6, and 12 months, and yearly thereafter. Three-dimensional reconstruction software with central line of flow measurements was used to assess aortic morphologic characteristics. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to assess survival, freedom from reintervention, predictive factors of poor outcome, and morphologic changes, including aneurysm sac behavior.
A total of 160 patients (44% women; mean age, 70) were treated for 130 thoracic aneurysms, 25 aortic dissections with aneurysm, 2 fistulas, and 3 symptomatic or aortic ruptures, or both.
Mean follow-up was 36 months, and aneurysm size was 67 mm. Seventy-five patients (47%) had undergone prior aortic aneurysm repair.
Surgical modifications were required to create adequate landing zones in 33% patients, including 28 elephant trunk/arch reconstruction, 22 carotid-subclavian bypasses, and seven visceral vessel bypasses.
Iliac conduits were required in 31 patients.
Early mortality (<30 days) occurred in 11 patients (6.9%). Overall mortality at 1 year was 16%. Aneurysm sac increase (>5 mm) requiring intervention was observed only in one patient in the settings of component separation and type III endoleak that was treated; the sac is now stable. Twenty-seven endoleaks were detected in 25 patients: 15 primary endoleaks (9.4%) <30 days and 12 secondary endoleaks (7.5%) >30 days.
Secondary interventions were required in 42 patients (26%).
Endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic pathologies with the Zenith TX1 and TX2 devices is feasible and durable.
The mid- to long-term results are encouraging, with acceptable low reintervention rates and with good survival within high-risk patients.
Journal of vascular surgery : official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter
Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.
J Vasc Surg. 2008 Jul;48(1):54-63
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