Activation-inducible lymphocyte immunomediatory molecule (AILIM; also referred to as inducible costimulator [ICOS]) is the third molecule identified in the CD28 family participating in T-cell activation. AILIM/ICOS has been implicated in both effector and pathogenic T-cell functions, as evidenced by the beneficial effects of AILIM/ICOS blockade in several murine disease models.
In the present study, the role of human AILIM/ICOS in T-cell function was investigated using a fully human monoclonal antibody specific to human AILIM/ICOS (JTA-009). MATERIALS AND
The effect of JTA-009 on allogenic T-cell proliferation was examined using human mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR). To investigate the efficacy of AILIM/ICOS blockade in vivo, a graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) model, in which severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice were grafted with human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), was used.
In MLR, suppressive effect of JTA-009 on allogenic T-cell proliferation was detected with comparable potency to CD28 blockade by cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4)-Ig at an intermediate culture phase. JTA-009 acts as a blocking antibody in vivo and inhibited binding of human AILIM/ICOS to mouse AILIM/ICOS ligand (B7h). Treatment with JTA-009 significantly prolonged survival of mice, with reductions of human interferon-gamma levels in blood and number of human cells in spleens.
These results demonstrate that human AILIM/ICOS plays a role in the GVHD pathogenesis mediated by human T cells, and its blockade is attractive for abrogating undesired T-cell responses as is well-documented in mice.
Biological and Pharmacological Laboratories Central Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Takatsuki, Japan. nobuyuki.tajima [at] ims.jti.co.jp
Exp Hematol. 2008 Nov;36(11):1514-23
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