In this special report, we focused on patients with lung cancer, emphasizing some specific findings in this population of patients.
Data on patients with lung cancer who were in the IRMA study were analyzed.
Renal function was calculated using Cockcroft-Gault and abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (aMDRD) formulas to estimate the prevalence of renal insufficiency (RI) according to the KDOQI-KDIGO definition.
Anticancer drugs were studied with regard to their potential renal toxicity and need for dosage adjustment.
Of the 445 IRMA lung cancer patients, 14.4% had a serum creatinine (SCR) level > or =110 micromol/L. However, when they were assessed using the formulas, 62.1 and 55.9% had abnormal renal function.
Of the 644 anticancer drug prescriptions, 67.5% required dose adjustments for RI or were drugs with no available data, and 78.3% of the patients received at least one such drug. Furthermore, 71.6% received potentially nephrotoxic drugs.
Seventy percent of the patients had anemia but prevalence was not significantly associated with the existence of associated renal insufficiency.
In the 445 IRMA patients with lung cancer, the prevalence of RI was high in spite of a normal SCR in most cases.
Some anticancer drugs such as platinum salts may be nephrotoxic and need dosage adjustment. However, other important drugs such as gemcitabine do not require dose reduction and do not present with a high potential for nephrotoxicity.
Lung cancer patients often present with anemia, which was not associated with the presence of RI.
Department of Nephrology, Pr. Deray, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47-83 Boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75013 Paris, France. vincent.launay-vacher [at] psl.aphp.fr
Español | English
© Galenicom 1999-2013