Angiomyolipoma patients may have renal insufficiency before selective transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) or may undergo subsequent surgery after TAE. Therefore, this retrospective study examined our experience with TAE or TAE and subsequent surgery on renal function of angiomyolipoma patients with and without preexisting renal insufficiency.
25 patients who had undergone TAE for renal angiomyolipoma over a 7-year period were reviewed.
The 25 patients were grouped according to whether or not they had undergone further surgery.
Preexisting renal insufficiency was compared between the 2 groups.
The TAE and surgery group was further subdivided into 2 subgroups according to total nephrectomy or not.
The TAE-alone group was further subdivided into 2 subgroups by presence of preexisting renal insufficiency or not.
In each group and subgroup, pre-TAE and post-TAE renal function, including serum creatinine and creatinine clearance were compared.
TAE rather than TAE and surgery was more likely chosen in the presence of preexisting renal insufficiency (6/13 versus 1/12, P=0.035). In TAE-alone patients, no statistical differences were noted between serum creatinine and creatinine clearance before and after TAE. Conversely, TAE and surgery patients who had undergone total nephrectomy rather than nephron-sparing surgery differed significantly in preand post-TAE serum creatinine (0.77 versus 1.07, P=0.014) and creatinine clearance (98.1 versus 70.7, P=0.032).
This study demonstrated that TAE alone for treating renal angiomyolipomas was able to preserve renal function, despite the presence of mild preexisting renal insufficiency. Conversely, surgery after TAE, particularly total nephrectomy, should be avoided whenever possible.
The American journal of the medical sciences
Department of Nephrology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
Am J Med Sci. 2009 Feb;337(2):103-8
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