To clarify the safety and feasibility of a 6-day protocol of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) combined with intensive occupational therapy (OT) for upper limb hemiparesis.
In-hospital combination treatment was provided for 5 post-stroke patients with upper limb hemiparesis after more than 12 months of the onset of stroke.
Over 6 consecutive days, each patient received 10 sessions of combination treatment with 1 Hz rTMS and intensive OT (one-on-one training and self-training). Motor function in the affected upper limb was evaluated by Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA), Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT), Ten-Second Test at admission, discharge, and 4 weeks after treatment.
All patients completed the 6-day treatment protocol and none showed any adverse effects throughout the treatment.
At the end of treatment, improvements in the scores of FMA, WMFT, and Ten-Second Test were found in all patients.
No deterioration of improved upper limb function was observed at 4 weeks after the treatment.
Our proposed protocol of combination treatment seems to be safe and feasible for post-stroke patients with upper limb hemiparesis, although the efficacy of the protocol needs to be confirmed in a large number of patients.
Disability and rehabilitation
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Jikei University School of Medicine, Minato-Ku, Tokyo, Japan.
Disabil Rehabil. 2010 ;32(10):801-7
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