In this study, we evaluated recently identified 19 prostate cancer susceptibility variants as prognostic predictors for the survival after ADT. A total of 601 prostate cancer patients treated with ADT were enrolled in this study cohort.
The prognostic significance of the prostate cancer risk variants on disease progression, prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) and all-cause mortality (ACM) after ADT were assessed by Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression model.
Two polymorphisms, rs16901979 and rs7931342, were significantly associated with PCSM (p = 0.005 for rs16901979 and p = 0.038 for rs7931342), and rs16901979 was also associated with ACM (p = 0.003) following ADT. Although the effect of rs7931342 was attenuated after controlling for other known clinical prognostic factors, rs16901979 remained a significant predictor for PCSM and ACM after ADT (p = 0.002). Moreover, the addition of the rs16901979 status in current clinical staging system further enhanced the risk prediction on PCSM and ACM particularly for the high-risk patients with distant metastasis (p < 0.017). In conclusion, this is the first study showing that prostate cancer risk variants, such as rs16901979, might improve outcome prediction following ADT, thus allowing identification of high-risk patients who might benefit from appropriate adjuvant therapy.
DOI - International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer (DOI)