Here we show that acidic nucleoplasmic DNA-binding protein (And-1, a high mobility group domain-containing protein) has remarkable capability to regulate the stability of Gcn5 proteins and thereby histone H3 acetylation.
We find that And-1 forms a complex with both histone H3 and Gcn5. Downregulation of And-1 results in Gcn5 degradation, leading to the reduction of H3K9 and H3K56 acetylation. And-1 overexpression stabilizes Gcn5 through protein-protein interactions in vivo. Furthermore, And-1 expression is increased in cancer cells in a manner correlating with increased Gcn5 and H3K9Ac and H3K56Ac. Thus, our data reveal not only a functional link between Gcn5 and And-1 that is essential for Gcn5 protein stability and histone H3 acetylation, but also a potential role of And-1 in cancer.