Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with specific p38 MAPK inhibitors (SB 239063 and SKF 86002) prior to M1 protein challenge. Edema, neutrophil infiltration, and CXC chemokines were determined in the lung, 4 h after M1 protein administration.
Flow cytometry was used to determine Mac-1 expression.
Phosphorylation and activity of p38 MAPK were determined by immunoprecipitation and Western blot. IVM was used to analyze leukocyte-endothelium interactions in the pulmonary microcirculation. M1 protein challenge increased phosphorylation and activity of p38 MAPK in the lung, which was inhibited by SB 239063 and SKF 86002. Inhibition of p38 MAPK activity decreased M1 protein-induced infiltration of neutrophils, edema, and CXC chemokine formation in the lung, as well as Mac-1 up-regulation on neutrophils. IVM showed that p38 MAPK inhibition reduced leukocyte rolling and adhesion in the pulmonary microvasculature of M1 protein-treated mice.
Our results indicate that p38 MAPK signaling regulates neutrophil infiltration in acute lung injury induced by streptococcal M1 protein. Moreover, p38 MAPK activity controls CXC chemokine formation in the lung, as well as neutrophil expression of Mac-1 and recruitment in the pulmonary microvasculature.
In conclusion, these findings suggest that targeting the p38 MAPK signaling pathway may open new opportunities to protect against lung injury in streptococcal infections.
JournalJournal of leukocyte biology
J Leukoc Biol (1938-3673)
Section for Surgery, Malmö University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
J Leukoc Biol. 2012 Jan;91(1):137-45
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