Removal of the checkpoint-activating stimulus initiates recovery during which spindle integrity is restored, kinetochores become bi-oriented, and cells initiate anaphase.
Whether recovery ensues passively after the removal of checkpoint stimulus, or requires mediation by specific effectors remains uncertain. Here, we report two unrecognized functions of yeast Cdk1 required for efficient recovery from SAC-induced arrest.
We show that Cdk1 promotes kinetochore bi-orientation during recovery by restraining premature spindle elongation thereby extinguishing SAC signalling. Moreover, Cdk1 is essential for sustaining the expression of Cdc20, an activator of the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) required for anaphase progression.
We suggest a model in which Cdk1 activity promotes recovery from SAC-induced mitotic arrest by regulating bi-orientation and APC/C activity.
Our findings provide fresh insights into the regulation of mitosis and have implications for the therapeutic efficacy of anti-mitotic drugs.