In this study, we used ALL cell lines to assess the effects on cell viability by flow cytometry and investigated the mechanism of cell death using chemical inhibitors of key molecules and assessed the effects by flow cytometry, electrophoretic mobility shift assay, Western blotting, and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Para-NO-ASA induced cell death in the pre-B ALL cell lines in association with increased reactive oxygen species, and suppression of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activity.
Chemical inhibitors of NF-κB similarly induced apoptosis in ALL cells, suggesting a role for suppression of NF-κB in para-NO-ASA-induced cell death.
Modulation of NF-κB was not via regulation of IκB but potentially through suppression of ROCK1 and loss of reduced glutathione.
Our results demonstrate that para-NO-ASA potently induces apoptosis in B-lineage ALL cells via a reactive oxygen species-dependent mechanism that is associated with suppression of NF-κB activity.