In the present paper we evaluate the incidence of BEN from the morphological point of view for the last decade.
Therefore we analyzed material obtained from autopsies, kidney biopsies and nephrectomy due to upper urothelial cancer (UUC) from the patients which were divided into two groups: those with permanent residence in BEN areas and those from nonendemic areas.
At the Institute of Pathology, University of Belgrade for the last 15 years we had only 1 autopsy due to BEN out of 6,825. More than 30 years ago there were over 50 autopsy cases of BEN at the same institute.
For the last decade we had only 2 kidney biopsies suspected for BEN out of 2,182, but morphologically not confirmed as BEN. However, previously we had over 40 kidney biopsies diagnosed as early or late stage of BEN. At the Clinical Center of Serbia 180 nephrectomies were performed due to UUC. The incidence of UUC for the last five years in BEN regions has significantly decreased, whereas at the same time in non-BEN regions it has remained on the same level.
There was no morphological difference of the renal tissue adjacent to tumor between patients from BEN and non-BEN regions.
According to our study based on routine pathological work, we could clearly conclude that BEN today is more clinical and epidemiological than a morphological entity.