The current study analyses the effect of 5-ASA on Wnt/β-catenin signaling in vitro and in vivo in colon epithelial cells.
The effect of 5-ASA was determined using a β-catenin/T-cell factor (TCF)-reporter assay and by western blotting in cultured colon cancer cells.
Formalin fixed paraffin embedded material from 227 polyps removed from a subgroup of 56 patients, who participated in a randomized placebo-controlled 3-year prevention trial with 5-ASA was evaluated according to histomorphological characteristics and expression of β-catenin and target genes Cox2, cyclin D1 and E-cadherin as well as ornithine decarboxylase (ODC). Patients were grouped into a low-risk and a high-risk group according to the number of adenomas at initial colonoscopy. ß-catenin/TCF signaling activity was significantly reduced by 5-ASA treatment possibly through a reduction in ß-catenin levels. Moreover, 5-ASA significantly reduced ß-catenin levels and nuclear localization in patients' adenomas.
In addition, 5-ASA also significantly changed expression of the downstream targets Cox2, cyclin D1 and E-cadherin, correlating with ß-catenin status. Moreover, 5-ASA significantly reduced levels of ODC in vivo.
Expression of p53 was unaltered by the 5-ASA treatment.
Our study shows a significant in vitro and long-term in vivo effect of 5-ASA on ß-catenin signaling as a key signaling pathway in the development of colorectal adenoma. Therefore, we suggest the use of 5-ASA as a promising drug for prevention of sporadic colorectal carcinoma.
Institute of Pathology, Ruhr-University Bochum, D-44789, Germany. johanna.munding [at] rub.de
Carcinogenesis. 2012 Mar;33(3):637-43
Español | English
© Galenicom 1999-2013