In light of this, we implemented and assessed a smoking reduction intervention using a wide array of behavioral group techniques and methods in chronic hospitalized schizophrenic clients.
Using a controlled design, we randomly assigned chronic schizophrenic clients to either a five-session smoking reduction intervention (n = 35) or a waiting list (WL; n = 18). We assessed self-reported smoking behavior, clinical status (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression; Clinical Global Impression Scale for Psychosis), subjective quality of life (Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire-abbreviated version), and weight before and 3 months after the intervention.
The intervention successfully reduced the number of cigarettes smoked compared with nonintervention.
No clinical worsening or weight gain was observed.
Behavioral group-oriented smoking reduction interventions can significantly reduce smoking behavior in hospitalized chronic clients with schizophrenia.
DOI - The Journal of nervous and mental disease (DOI)