To pass the tissue and to localize and reach the site of infection, the peripheral blood neutrophils have to pass through a complex receptor-mediated interaction with the endothelial layer.
Under pathophysiological conditions, such as severe sepsis, this process is impaired and often characterized by neutrophil aggregation.
In this study, we examined the impact of three different Staphylococcus aureus strains on the activation status of human peripheral blood neutrophils by coincubation of bacterial culture supernatant with whole blood.
This complex interaction of a gram-positive stimulus with blood components leads to a special neutrophil activation phenotype, which is characterized by an overexpression of the cell-surface molecule CD66b. The process is accompanied by a strong increase of homotypic aggregates and seems to be initialized by a massive activation impulse caused by the interplay of plasma components.
This maximum activation of neutrophils prior to the complex and highly regulated activation required for transmigration might play a key role in the neutrophil dysfunction in gram-positive sepsis.
JournalJournal of leukocyte biology
J Leukoc Biol (1938-3673)
Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices, L2-Biosafety Laboratory, Bonn, Germany.
J Leukoc Biol. 2012 May;91(5):791-802
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