We show that DsbA is required for T3S, while removal of transcription factor CpxR or the Cpx-regulated folding factor CpxP or PpiA has minimal effects. Conversely, the entire T3S complex is removed from the envelope when the Cpx response is activated.
Overexpression of the chaperone/protease DegP mimics the Cpx-dependent inhibition of the T3S complex at a posttranscriptional level, and mutation of degP partly abrogates the ability of the Cpx response to inhibit the T3S complex and motility.
We present data that suggest that both the protease and chaperone activities of DegP are likely important for the impact on T3S. Altogether, our data indicate that DegP is normally a part of the Cpx-mediated inhibition of virulence determinant expression in EPEC and that additional factors are involved.