On day 63 after the start of the study, mice were sacrificed.
Colonic inflammation, proliferation and tumorigenesis were evaluated.
Tumor numbers per mouse (1.43 versus 5.80; P = 0.02) and mean tumor size (1.17 versus 3.58 mm; P = 0.01) were significantly decreased in IL-17A-deficient mice compared with WT mice. Furthermore, the inflammation and the proliferation scores of IL-17A-deficient mice were significantly lower than WT mice.
In the analysis of inflammatory mediators, IL-6, interferon-γ, tumor necrosis factor-α and IL-17A were markedly decreased in IL-17A-deficient mice compared with WT mice.
In the western blot analysis, p-STAT3, cyclin D1, cyclin-dependent kinase 2, cyclin E, Glycogen synthase kinase 3-β and p-Akt were downregulated in IL-17A-deficient mice.
Immunohistochemical staining with p-STAT3, Ki-67 and β-catenin revealed lower number of stained cells in IL-17A-deficient mice compared with WT mice. IL-17A ablation significantly decreases CAC tumorigenesis and thus may play an important role associated with chronic colitis.