Maternal Mthfd1(gt/+) genotype impairs fetal growth but does not cause NTDs when dams are maintained on a folate- and choline-deficient diet. Mthfd1(gt/+) mice exhibit a spectrum of adverse reproductive outcomes previously attributed to the human MTHFD1 1958G→A polymorphism. Mthfd1 heterozygosity impairs folate status in pregnant mice but does not significantly affect homocysteine metabolism.
Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.
Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Apr;95(4):882-91
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