Forty six week old female albino Sprague-Dawley rats were unilaterally exposed to double threshold dose for cataract induction, 8 kJ/m(2) (8.9 W/m(2) for 15 min), of UVR (λ(max) = 300 nm). The animals were sacrificed at 1, 5, 24 and 120 h following exposure to UVR-B. For each of the GADD45α, TP53 and CASP3 genes, respectively, mRNA expression in the lenses was measured by quantitative RT-PCR. It was found that expression of mRNA for GADD45α transiently increases between 5 and 24 h after exposure. TP53 is slightly downregulated in exposed lenses at 1 and 5 h after exposure and thereafter the mRNA expression increases with a constant rate of 9.4\ 10(-3) rel. units/h to a 1.8 fold increase at 120 h after exposure.
Expression of mRNA for CASP3 is downregulated at 1, 5 and 24 h after in vivo exposure and then increases with a constant rate of 4.7 10(-3) rel. units/h, upto a 1.3 fold upregulation at 120 h.
Double threshold dose of UVR, for short delay onset of cataract, in vivo causes a transient upregulation of the stress sensor GADD45α, a concurrent downregulation of TP53 and CASP3, followed by a constant upregulation of TP53 that precedes a constant upregulation of CASP3.