We fed wild-type or insulin-sensitive heterozygous peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma-deficient (PPARgamma(+/-)) mice a high-fat diet for 16 weeks.
In wild-type mice, this diet induced core features of metabolic syndrome, subsequent renal lipid accumulation, and renal injury including glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis, and albuminuria.
Renal lipogenesis accelerated, determined by increased renal mRNA expression of the lipogenic enzymes fatty acid synthase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and by increased ACC activity.
In addition, renal lipolysis was suppressed, determined by reduced mRNA expression of the lipolytic enzyme carnitine palmitoyl acyl-CoA transferase 1 and by reduced activity of AMP-activated protein kinase.
In PPARgamma(+/-) mice, renal injury, systemic metabolic abnormalities, renal accumulation of lipids, and the changes in renal lipid metabolism were attenuated. Thus, a high-fat diet leads to an altered balance between renal lipogenesis and lipolysis, subsequent renal accumulation of lipid, and renal injury.
We suggest that renal lipid metabolism could serve as a new therapeutic target to prevent chronic kidney disease in patients with metabolic syndrome.
DOI - Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN (DOI)