The clinical analysis of hemoglobin by ion exchange chromatography can result in ambiguities in identification of the nature of the globin chain present in patient samples. LC/ESI-MS provides rapid and precise determination of globin chain masses. DESIGN AND
Hemolysate of hemoglobin Q-India and hemoglobin S/D/F have been analyzed using ESI-MS. Tandem-MS has been used to establish mutation in alpha chain of hemoglobin Q.
The identification of hemoglobin Q-India is readily achieved by LC/ESI-MS, which establishes the presence of a mutant alpha chain differing in mass from normal alpha chain by 22 Da. The site of mutation has been identified by tandem-MS analysis of a tryptic fragment encompassing residues alphaV62-K90. LC/ESI-MS screening has also provide an example of simultaneous occurrence of mutant globin chains containing beta6E-->V (Hb S, sickle) and beta121E-->Q (Hb D) variant.
Expression of gamma(G) globin chain is also demonstrated in this sample.
The site of mutation in hemoglobin Q-India is identified as alpha64D-->H which differs from mutations alpha74D-->H in Hb Q-Thailand and alpha75D-->H in Hb Q-Iran. Mass spectrometric analysis of hemoglobins from a patient and her parents suggests inheritance of mutant beta globin genes from both parents.
Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560012, India.
Clin Biochem. 2008 Jan;41(1-2):75-81
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