We now investigated the NS1643 effects on erg1b channels in more detail and performed comparative experiments with rat and human erg1a in different expression systems.
Significant differences were observed between expression systems, but not between the rat and human isoform.
In HEK-293 or Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, activation of rat erg1b channels occurred in a dose-dependent manner with a maximum current increase of 300% obtained with 10 μM NS1643. In contrast, the NS1643-induced strong leftward shift in the voltage dependence of activation further increased with higher drug concentration, needed more time to develop, and exhibited use dependence.
Coexpression of KCNE1 or KCNE2 did not attenuate this NS1643 effect on erg1 channel activation and did thus not mimic the lower drug potency on this parameter observed in oocytes. NS1643 (10 μM) slowed erg1b channel deactivation and recovery from inactivation without significant changes in activation and inactivation kinetics.
With the exception of accelerated activation, NS1643 affected erg1a channels similarly, but the effect was less pronounced than in erg1b or erg1a/1b channels.
It is noteworthy that rerg1b and herg1a inactivation estimated from fully activated current voltage relationships were unaltered in the continued presence of 10 μM NS1643 in the mammalian expression systems, indicating qualitative differences from NS1643 effects in X. laevis oocytes.